ERIC Number: ED212527
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: N/A
Comparison of Educational Goals in Chile Before and After 1973. Working Paper Series, No. 28.
This paper examines the educational goals in Chile before and after 1973 when the Chilean military led by Pinochet brutally eliminated the democratically elected government of Allende and the Unidad Popular. Reforms were initiated in 1967, 1968, 1969, and 1970, and at the time of the coup, were being implemented in all eight Chilean universities. General goals for the reform of the university were to democratize the universities which were very elitist and to improve university programs, to create new careers, and to conduct research related to such national issues as mining, housing, and food. Within five years the enrollment increased from 9,000 to 33,000 students. To provide some kind of services to the entire population, "season courses" covering every area of study were taught in several parts of the country. Technological Institutes were established. Workers and low-income people were admitted to the universities programs. After the coup, over 700 educators were taken prisoners, the universities were taken over by the military, and practically all the reforms were revoked. For the first time in Chilean history, general admissions to the university decreased. All the programs of workers' education have been eliminated. The Chilean universities have reverted to being colonial universities, equipped with modern methods of repression. However, the universities are not dead and there are signs that universities are beginning to revive. (A footnote indicates that since the date of this talk, repression in Chile has worsened.). (Author/RM)
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Democracy, Educational Change, Educational Objectives, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Totalitarianism
Publications, Centre for Developing-Area Studies, McGill University, 815 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2K6 ($2.00).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: McGill Univ., Montreal (Quebec). Centre for Developing-Area Studies.
Identifiers - Location: Chile