ERIC Number: ED212446
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
The Nonmetro Labor Force in the Seventies.
Schaub, James D.
The report identifies structural changes and trends in the composition of the nonmetro labor force between 1973 and 1979; evaluates the labor force performance by race, sex, and age; and suggests underlying causes of the major changes and the likelihood of particular trends continuing into the eighties. Tabular data indicate that: (1) metro and nonmetro areas experienced similar employment growth rates between 1973 and 1979, but nonmetro residents continued to have lower labor force participation rates; (2) nonmetro employment growth was concentrated in nonteaching, white-collar professional and technical occupations, white-collar clerical jobs, blue-collar craft jobs, and service occupations; (3) the proportion of women who worked increased dramatically, raising their share of total employment to almost 42%, but nonmetro women did not share equally in this change; (4) in both metro and nonmetro areas, black and other minority populations showed little improvement in their labor force status, with their unemployment rate remaining about double that for whites; (5) nonmetro teens increased their labor force participation rate, with white women accounting for four-fifths of nonmetro teen employment growth; and (6) older nonmetro residents had low unemployment rates and maintained a higher labor force participation rate than their metro counterparts. (NEC)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Black Employment, Comparative Analysis, Employed Women, Employment, Employment Patterns, Employment Statistics, Females, Labor Force, Longitudinal Studies, Males, Metropolitan Areas, Minority Groups, Older Adults, Rural Areas, Rural Population, Rural Urban Differences, Rural Youth, Statistical Data, Trend Analysis, Unemployment, Whites
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC. Economic Development Div.