ERIC Number: ED212379
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Pre-Reading and Pre-Science on "Sesame Street."
Flagg, Barbara N.; And Others
In the ninth season of the television program, "Sesame Street," new pre-reading and pre-science segments were introduced to the show. This report evaluates these segments with regard to young children's visual attention and comprehension. The intent of the evaluation was to assess the effectiveness not only of individual segments but also of the production formats designed to meet pre-reading and pre-science curriculum goals. Twenty-one 4- and 5-year-old children of low-income, ethnically mixed families viewed 30 minutes of "Sesame Street" stimulus material. While each child watched the show, the child's eye movement path across the visual presentation was recorded. The children were questioned about the content of the segments before and after viewing the program. The pre-reading formats which were most effective in attention results were ones that used the segment characters in ways to attract attention to the print and to the process of reading from left to right. The pre-reading formats that were most effective in the comprehension results were ones that clearly linked the sounds with the symbols and the symbols with meaning. The pre-science segments presented appropriate scientific content, but their format designs were not effective in teaching the material. The information was not structured enough in the presentation for the children to comprehend the message. Descriptions of "Sesame Street" pre-reading and pre-science segments and researchers' reactions prior to data collection are provided in Appendix A. A copy of the letter sent to subjects' parents, and pretest and posttest data are included in Appendices B and C respectively. (Author/MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Children's Television Workshop, New York, NY.; Spencer Foundation, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Center for Research in Children's Television.