ERIC Number: ED212206
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
Higher Learning in the Nation's Service. A Carnegie Foundation Essay.
Boyer, Ernest L.; Hechinger, Fred M.
The services that have been provided by colleges and universities in the United States and the current confusion regarding the role of American higher education are reviewed. Among the contributions made by higher education are: extending higher learning to new classes of people, advancing the nation's frontiers, providing scientific expertise during wartime, and helping veterans return to rewarding civilian pursuits. Presently, the external needs for higher learning's services are apparently less urgent than in the past and colleges are questioning their purposes in society. Three historic functions of higher education are examined: teaching, research, and service. It is suggested that there are new challenges for higher education. Colleges must not only teach, but must also educate a generation of students quite different from those of the past. Not only must they conduct research, but they must do so with reduced federal support and must consider enticing but potentially compromising allegiances with the private sector. As a new approach to service, public policy studies for all students are advocated, with special encouragement for a new program of civic education for adults. It is proposed that colleges and universities help students and teachers use knowledge wisely so that higher education's dual role as servant and critic of society may be protected and advanced. (Author/MLW)
Descriptors: Citizenship Education, College Role, Educational Benefits, Educational History, Educational Trends, Higher Education, Nontraditional Students, Public Policy, Research Opportunities, Research Projects, Social Responsibility, Student Needs
Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 1785 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20036 ($6.50).
Publication Type: Books; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, Princeton, NJ.