ERIC Number: ED212084
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Sep-21
Reference Count: N/A
The National Defense Education Act: A Turning Point in Federal Aid.
Harden, Thomas K.
The National Defense Education Act (NDEA) of 1958 changed the federal government's relationship to education. Previously, while the federal government had provided land grants for schools and aid to vocational education, it had been unwilling to fund general education. The Soviet Union's launching of Sputnik in 1957, however, allowed supporters to link educational aid to national defense and led to the passage of the NDEA the following year. Title VIII of the NDEA changed certain criteria for aid to vocational education and funded a great expansion in vocational education programs. The general education aid envisioned in other NDEA titles originally was focused on gifted students and the sciences, mathematics, and foreign languages. NDEA's scope has since broadened to include the arts and humanities and nearly all students. A title-by-title review of NDEA changes since 1958 reveals expansions in higher education loans and fellowships, growth of aid for teacher training and instructional improvement, and increases in funds for high school student counseling, language study, and state collection of educational statistics. (Author/RW)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: National Defense Education Act