ERIC Number: ED211896
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Adult Age Differences in Sensitivity to the Semantic Structure of Prose.
Petros, Tom; Chabot, Robert J.
Several studies have reported adult age deficits in memory for prose materials. Adult age differences in prose comprehension were examined among young and old adults from high or low educational backgrounds. Subjects (N=53) listened to tape-recorded versions of two narrative passages and attempted to orally recall the stories. Subjects were compared on their abilities to comprehend prose and to differentiate the idea units of a passage in terms of their relative importance to the main theme. Results demonstrated that younger adults remembered more than older adults, but subjects from all age groups favored the main ideas in their recall. Subjects from all ages and educational levels were equally able to identify the important information in the stories. The findings suggest that little change with age occurs in the comprehension process, and that adult age differences observed on discourse comprehension tasks may reflect an age-related decline in processing capacity. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Kent State Univ., OH.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (52nd, New York, NY, April 22-25, 1981).