ERIC Number: ED211880
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Alcoholism Screening Instruments and Prevalence of Alcohol Problems in Male and Female Employees.
Levy, Marguerite F.
Several reasons exist for the wide variation in estimates on the prevalence of alcohol abuse among women from one study to another. An attempt to establish the prevalence of alcohol abuse among both men and women in the working population employed the Short Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (SMAST) and the Iowa Alcoholic Stages Index (ASI) as screening instruments. Over 3200 employees from four organizations responded to the questionnaire. Results showed that the ASI identified relatively more females in the early stages of alcoholism and identified early-stage males and females in the same proportions. The ASI was more likely than the SMAST to identify early-stage or at-risk employees of either sex. The ASI was also better at discriminating between non-alcoholic women and women at risk. The findings suggest that the ASI is a more appropriate screening instrument than the SMAST, which was standardized on male subjects. Evidence also indicates that women make a greater effort to conceal their alcoholism, give different reasons for drinking than men, and are less easy to identify than men. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (52nd, New York, NY, April 22-25, 1981). Best copy available.