ERIC Number: ED211861
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Correlates of Military Satisfaction and Attrition Among Army Personnel.
Allen, John P.; Bell, D. Bruce
A study determined relationships between Army organizational variables and levels of soldier satisfaction and assessed correlates of attrition and battalion effectiveness ratings. It was based on a secondary analysis of data collected in the Army Life-78 Study, which considered relationships of organizational climate and unit effectiveness. Subjects were 8,140 personnel assigned to 60 battalions. Other administrative data considered were Unit Readiness Reports, Annual General Inspection Ratings, incidence of criminal activities, and measures of attrition. The most striking finding was that three types of satisfaction (job satisfaction, sense of equity from the Army, and overall satisfaction with the Army) were extremely closely related to variables of organizational climate and also very highly associated with several job characteristics. To a lesser, but still significant extent, satisfaction was a function of several types of endogenous Army life problems (salary, time off, etc.). Considerations of the potentially moderating variables of soldier coping resources and presence of spouse with the servicemember contributed little to an understanding of the relationship of predictors to satisfaction. Unit attrition rates were not found to be related to measures of unit effectiveness. Recommendations were made for methodological changes in future research. (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Army Research Inst. for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, Arlington, VA.