ERIC Number: ED211728
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Oct
On Vocational Education Achieving Compliance with and Enforcement of the Provisions of Applicable Laws of the United States.
Bice, Garry R.
Statutory requirements in federal vocational education legislation with which state and local agencies must comply are exclusively process oriented. Most reactive, federal legislation encourages rigidity and inflexibility, since (1) laws, rules, and regulations are rigid with respect to processes and procedures that must be used; (2) the nature of the legislation limits its ability to be proactive; (3) strict compliance is easy due to concise prescriptive terms; (4) most compliance requirements relate to process only; and (5) compliance standards set program maximums that become the accepted rule. States have submitted plans in compliance with rules and regulations; enforcement of provisions, however, has been difficult. Legislation has had little apparent effect on compliance and enforcement. More prescriptive public laws and the ensuing rules and regulations for implementation have only made it more difficult for states to write plans in compliance with federal and state legislation. Current legislation appears to be directing vocational education toward greater federal control. Suggested legislative changes to alleviate compliance/enforcement concerns are changing focus from process to product, changing focus of administration at the national level from control to planning, and changing federal involvement from a catalyst to fertilizer effect. New legislation could consolidate all education and training programs. (YLB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A