ERIC Number: ED211624
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
An Observational Study of Peer Interaction in Racially-Mixed "Accelerated" Classrooms.
Schofield, Janet Ward; Francis, William D.
This study examined peer interaction in four racially mixed eighth grade classrooms. Observational data were gathered on the interactions of 69 white children and 32 black children during the course of one semester. The study found considerably more cross-race peer interaction than have previous studies conducted in non-academic settings in interracial schools. Nonetheless, children interacted significantly more with peers of their own race than with peers of the other race. Planned comparisons revealed that this tendency was due to very strong own-race preferences among the girls. In contrast, boys interacted cross racially at approximately the rate that would be expected if race were not a factor in interactant choice. The interactions of males were predominantly mutual in nature, while those of females were one-sided. Negative behavior characterized less than one percent of all interactions. An analysis of the orientation of the interactions suggested that cross-race interactions of all groups were more task related than within-race interactions. In turn, within-race interactions were more social in orientation than were cross-race interactions. (Author/APM)
Descriptors: Black Students, Females, Grade 8, Interaction, Interaction Process Analysis, Junior High Schools, Males, Peer Relationship, Racial Relations, School Desegregation, Sex Differences, Social Behavior, White Students
Janet Ward Schofield, Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 (write for price).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Bethesda, MD.; National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (89th, Los Angeles, CA, 1981).