ERIC Number: ED211621
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Counseling Across Cultures: A Critique. Asian Pacific American Education Occasional Papers.
Lee, D. John
This paper evaluates the effectiveness of cross-cultural counseling and advocates a "culture-using" counseling perspective as an alternative to the "etic-emic" approach. The author argues that, currently, counseling is taken as the "given"; culture is treated as a variable in counseling effectiveness; and counseling is never evaluated as a cultural phenomena in itself. The culture-using perspective assumes that: (1) counseling is Western society's form of the helping relationship; (2) qualitative differences in the human experience are most likely represented by culture; and (3) the culture that wishes to adopt the counseling framework is aware of and can articulate its own unique cultural experience. (JCD)
Descriptors: Counseling Effectiveness, Counseling Techniques, Counseling Theories, Cross Cultural Training, Cultural Context, Cultural Differences, Cultural Influences, Ethnic Groups, Ethnocentrism
National Association for Asian and Pacific American Education, 1414 Walnut Street, #9, Berkeley, CA 94709 (write for price).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Association for Asian and Pacific American Education, Berkeley, CA.
Note: Not available in paper copy due to author's restriction. For a related document, see ED 186 828.