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ERIC Number: ED211256
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Dec
Pages: 45
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Face-ism in Texas and Mexico.
Champion, Carol Ann
Cross-cultural studies on sex differences, sex roles, and genderisms and related research in the social and psychological areas indicate that women are portrayed in stereotyped traditional roles. A 1978 study by Archer, Kimes, and Barrios concluded that there is inequality in the way women are situated and perceived in published photographs and amateur drawings. Men are perceived in terms of their faces and women in terms of their bodies. A review of the literature of Mexican cultural studies indicates that sex role stereotyping exists, with the male figure playing an authoritative role and the female a submissive, passive, self-sacrificing role. As an extension of the Archer study, another study was made with 108 male and 106 female college undergraduates in South Texas and with 80 male and 75 female college undergraduates in Mexico to ascertain the cross-cultural face-ism differences in amateur drawings. Results indicated that Mexican males and females, at variance with Archer's findings, represent female figures with relatively greater face dominance than male figures. In South Texas, again at variance with Archer, the finding was that no face dominance could be demonstrated by these measures. The reversal of Archer's results can be explained by cross-cultural differences. (CM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Dissertations/Theses - Masters Theses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Mexico; Texas