ERIC Number: ED211252
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
North Dakota's Country Teachers: Their Roles, Rules and Restrictions. Country School Legacy: Humanities on the Frontier.
Henke, Warren A.
Teacher duties and curriculum developed by North Dakota, in deciding what role teachers would play in the community and what standards of conformity and propriety would be applied to teachers, mirrored certain aspects of the local culture and reflected a wider national culture. The inclusion of health studies reflected the local majority concern about the use and abuse of alcohol and other narcotics. The teacher was obligated to keep a Teacher's Register which contained the teacher's lesson plans, student records, and a visitor's log, among other things. A number of restrictions were placed on teachers' private lives by the communities which hired them. In general, women teachers received lower salaries than men. The extent of the difference was often determined by the attitude of the ethnic community in which the teachers worked. Teachers also subsidized education, especially during the Depression, by accepting warrants (promises by a school board to pay a stated amount when money became available); they often had to wait for some of their salary even if money was available. Teachers were required to "up-grade" their academic training by attending Teacher's Institutes. Sometimes, salaries were affected by how many additional tasks the teacher was willing to perform, especially janitorial work. (Author/CM)
Descriptors: Alcohol Education, Drug Education, Educational History, Elementary Secondary Education, Lesson Plans, One Teacher Schools, Rural Education, Rural Schools, Sex Discrimination, Small Schools, State History, Teacher Behavior, Teacher Education, Teacher Qualifications, Teacher Role, Teacher Salaries, Teaching Load
Publication Type: Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Endowment for the Humanities (NFAH), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Mountain Plains Library Association, Silt, CO. Country School Legacy Project.
Identifiers - Location: North Dakota