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ERIC Number: ED211184
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981
Pages: 34
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
A Study of Modality Strengths Among the Children Enrolled in Butcher Children's School, Emporia State University, 1980-81.
Bonner, Mary; And Others
The purposes of this study were to determine the modality strengths of each child in grades 1 to 5 at Butcher Children's School, Emporia, Kansas, and to ascertain whether modality can be linked to grade level, to reading achievement, or to sex. For identifying modality strength, the Swassing-Barbe Modality Index (SBMI), a matching-to-sample task, was administered to the 101 children enrolled in grades 1 to 5 at Butcher Children's School. Stimulus shapes (e.g., hearts, circles, triangles, and squares) were presented to subjects three times -- visually, auditorially, and kinesthetically. Following these presentations, subjects were asked to reproduce the same sequence from memory. Each subject's performance on the SBMI was then classified according to the following modality strengths: visual, auditory, kinesthetic, visual-auditory mixed (V-A), visual-kinesthetic mixed (V-K), auditory-kinesthetic mixed (A-K), and none (V-A-K). Reading achievement of children in grades 2 to 5 was measured by the Gates MacGinitie Reading Tests, Forms B, C, and D. Results revealed that 46 per cent of the subjects showed strength in the visual modality, 16 per cent showed strength in the auditory modality, 12 per cent in V-A, 11 per cent in V-K, and 6 per cent in the kinesthetic modality. It was also found that modality strength is independent of grade level, reading achievement, or sex. A complete list of modality strengths for all the individuals participating in the study is appended. (Author/MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Kansas