ERIC Number: ED211181
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Nov
Reference Count: 0
National Child Care Policy: Past and Present Influences on Future Directions.
Sponseller, Doris Bergen
This document examines how societal values regarding child care provision in the United States have influenced past and present child care policies and discusses how these values may affect future policy formation. In Part I, the development of child care policy is outlined in terms of five historical periods, each of which is analyzed along the dimensions of responsibility, control, scope, and quality. Pre-1909 is characterized as a period in which national recognition of public child care needs was minimal. During the period 1909 to 1932 attention paid to the welfare of children and families led to the enactment of modest national legislation which affected child care. From 1933 to 1946, child care programs were established for specific purposes of limited duration. The years 1947 to 1960 witnessed no national support for public funding of child care. From 1960 to 1980 national responsibility and control of child care programs increased, and enactment of policies for specific groups influenced legislative attempts to extend child care support to a broad group of children. In Part II, the question of whether government should assume a long-term responsibility for child care provision is addressed in terms of potential policy directions, the policy-making process, and those individuals and groups who are influential in directing policy formation. In conclusion, directions which child care policy might take during the 1980s are suggested. (Author/DB)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan League for Human Services, Detroit.