ERIC Number: ED210982
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Employment Prospects for Higher Education Graduates. Intergovernmental Conference on Policies for Higher Education in the 80s (Paris, France, October 12-14, 1981).
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).
The relationship between overall supply of and demand for young college graduates in countries that are members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) are examined. Employment and recruitment prospects until about 1985 and the structural trends that will have a lasting influence on the graduate employment situation are addressed. Attention is directed to the relative position of young graduates in a context of slow growth and a generally unfavorable employment situation. The sector where most graduates are utilized and employment has risen fastest is public service; however, a number of governments are considering substantial cuts in public spending, which will affect public employment. With respect to employment in education, the supply of teachers and researchers is generally expected to outweigh demand substantially. The capacity of the private sector and, in particular, industry to absorb a large proportion of highly qualified personnel is uncertain. It is suggested that it seems unlikely that the supply surplus can be absorbed within the OECD countries. Possible adjustments between supply and demand are considered in relation to: possible new jobs and access to new jobs. It is suggested that in the future the possibilities of initial employment will not only depend on the kinds of qualifications young graduates have, but also on the adaptability of their field and changing attitudes. It is projected that in the future shorter courses with a vocational bias may facilitate entry into working life and provide better career prospects than long courses. It is suggested that new circumstances, and in particular financial constraints, could result in the relationship between higher education and employment being given increased importance in future planning. (SW)
Descriptors: Business, College Graduates, Comparative Education, Education Work Relationship, Employment Opportunities, Employment Potential, Employment Projections, Foreign Countries, Futures (of Society), Government Employees, Higher Education, Labor Market, Public Policy, Relevance (Education), Retrenchment, Teacher Supply and Demand
Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development, Chateau de la Muette, 2, rue Andre-Pascal, Paris Cedex 16, France.
Publication Type: Collected Works - Proceedings; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).