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ERIC Number: ED210747
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Nov
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Rhetoric at the University of Iowa Combining the Oral and Written Modes.
Harper, Nancy L.
Noting that the formal split between instruction in written and oral modes of communication is a relatively recent one, this paper presents arguments against that split--at both the secondary school and the college level--and arguments for instruction in communication. The paper offers a historically based definition of communication, positing that the communicative act requires the communicator to: (1) categorize data relevant to a communication situation, (2) conceptualize that data, (3) symbolize it, (4) organize the symbols into some sort of order that will further the purposes and meanings of the communication situation, and (5) operationalize that data into a message. From this definition, the paper concludes that writing and speaking are modes of communication and that instruction in the two should be integrated. It then describes the rhetoric program at the University of Iowa, which for 30 years has offered such an integrated curriculum. In conclusion, the paper discusses the problems often encountered in student writing and explains how an integrated speaking/writing program can counter those problems. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A