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ERIC Number: ED210734
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974
Pages: 39
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Relationship of Interpersonal Distances to Television Shot Selection.
Meyrowitz, Joshua
Based on research suggesting spatial zones of proximity in human behavior (individuals have definable zones of intimate, personal, social, and public space), it was hypothesized that "framed shots" of people on television screens would suggest specific distances to the viewer. The hypotheses were that subjects would estimate a greater interpersonal distance for each succeeding shot ranging from close-up to long shot, and that subjects would perceive a given shot in relation to a similar interpersonal distance. After a brief explanation of the nature of subjective shots, 45 subjects were asked to estimate the distances between viewer and eight subjective shots of people framed in a television screen. The shots varied between extreme close-ups and long shots. Seven order-relationships were possible for each subject, allowing 315 pairs of distance comparisons with which to test the hypotheses. The analysis of data indicated that (1) regardless of the order in which shots were seen, the subjects estimated greater distances ranging from close-up to long shot; (2) mean distances for shots differed significantly; and (3) the variance within each shot was high but increased proportionately to the mean. These findings strongly indicated that the manner in which a person is pictured within a frame creates a phenomenon related to perception of physical distance. (RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A