ERIC Number: ED210730
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Nov
Reference Count: 0
A Background to Motion Picture Archives.
Fletcher, James E.; Bolen, Donald L., Jr.
The emphasis of archives is on the maintenance and preservation of materials for scholarly research and professional reference. Archives may be established as separate entities or as part of a library or museum. Film archives may include camera originals (positive and negative), sound recordings, outtakes, scripts, contracts, advertising materials, and trade and fan publications. Until recently, however, film production companies have shown relatively little concern for the long-term preservation of accurate film records. Also, the chemical properties of early films left them very unstable and subject to rapid deterioration. As a result, unstable film is currently being reprinted on a safety-base film for archival preservation. The Library of Congress and the Museum of Modern Art in New York City established the first American film archives, and the momentum of the film archive movement has been maintained largely by the cooperation of these two and several other organizations. There are few practical alternatives to visiting a film archive if examination of film and other film records is an essential part of a major research task. Therefore, faculty who teach research methods at institutions with or without film archives need to join in cooperative efforts to support and utilize the available film archives more effectively. (HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (67th, Anaheim, CA, November 12-15, 1981).