ERIC Number: ED210617
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Mar
Locus of Control Across Two Cultures.
Khanna, Prabha; And Others
Research on the locus of control variable in recent years has been quite extensive; however, cross-cultural studies have been rather sparse in this area. Differences among adults from the United States (N=194) and India (N=376) on the locus of control variable as measured by Rotter's Internal-External scale were studied. Each sample included equal numbers of men and women and 20-30 year olds and 40-50 year olds. Results indicated that men saw themselves as more effective than women across the two cultures. The Americans felt more in control of their lives than did the Indians. Socioeconomic status which gave equal weight to educational and occupational status was a major determinant with the American sample. Comparisons were also made on subscales consisting of systems control, personal control, and control ideology. For Americans, the major significant factor on all three subscales was socioeconomic status. Among the Indians younger women felt more effective than the other groups in terms of system and personal controls. Each subgroup within the two cultures was also compared with their counterparts; the results indicated that the Americans were significantly more internal, suggesting that this current shift away from externality should be noted in future research. (Author/RC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (27th, Atlanta, GA, March 25-28, 1981).