ERIC Number: ED210449
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: N/A
Women, Work, and Wages: Equal Pay for Jobs of Equal Value.
Treiman, Donald J., Ed.; Hartman, Heidi I., Ed.
In order to determine whether methods of job analysis and classification currently used are biased by traditional sex stereotypes or other factors, a committee assessed formal systems of job evaluation and other methods currently employed in the private and public sectors for establishing the comparability of jobs and their levels of compensation. A review of sociological and economic literature shows that some differences in the characteristics of workers and in jobs do form a legitimate basis for wage differentials. Nevertheless, there exists a pervasiveness of occupational and job segregation by sex. Given the current operation of the labor market and the existence of a variety of factors that permit the persistence of earning differentials between men and women (e.g., labor market segmentation, job segregation, and employment practices), it would seem that intentional and unintentional discriminatory elements enter into the determination of wages and are not likely to disappear. Use of a job evaluation system is one possible remedy to this situation. While the subjectivity of job evaluation makes job evaluations less than perfect vehicles for resolving pay disputes, they can serve to identify potential wage discrimination. (MN)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Educational Attainment, Employed Women, Employment Practices, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Evaluation Criteria, Evaluation Methods, Institutional Characteristics, Institutional Role, Labor Force, Literature Reviews, Personnel Evaluation, Personnel Policy, Salaries, Salary Wage Differentials, Sex Bias, Sex Differences, Sex Discrimination, Trend Analysis, Wages, Work Experience
National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Ave., N.W., Washington, DC 20418 ($8.75).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research; Books
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC.