ERIC Number: ED210407
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Project Networking: Citizen Participation in School Desegregation Decisionmaking.
Upton, James N.; Fonow, Mary Margaret
This report is based on a case study which examined the efforts of community organizations in Columbus, Ohio to strengthen citizen participation (through the use of networking strategies) in the implementation phase of school desegregation. The report describes interorganizational networks as a function of exchange relations. Specialization, scarcity of resources and the limits of power in individual organizations are cited as the major reasons for the development of exchange relations. The data from the study are reported in terms of the relationships between the mean number of network links established among various organizations, and the funding status, type of activity, target group, scope of issue and age of the organizations involved in the network. The following results are cited: (1) privately funded community organizations have more network ties than public funded organizations; (2) advocacy group organizations have the most network ties, followed by service and public information organizations; (3) single issue and older organizations have more network ties than multi-issue or younger organizations; and (4) community organizations which identify the school as its target have more network ties than groups which target either the black community or the public at large. (JCD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC. Equal Educational Opportunity Program.
Authoring Institution: N/A