ERIC Number: ED210354
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug-27
Reference Count: 0
Identified and Placed for Life: A Review of the Disproportionate Number of Black Children Assessed, Identified and Placed in Programs for the Educable Mentally Retarded.
Sullivan, Otha Richard
This paper reviews and assesses the data that show black children are being placed in Educable Mentally Retarded (EMR) classes at rates which are two to four times greater than whites or any other ethnic group in the nation. Discussed are the results and implications of a study involving a comparative analysis of the national statistics of the number of blacks and whites assessed, identified and placed in EMR programs, and the criteria used by public schools for identifying and placing children in EMR programs. Included among the results were that while blacks comprise only 16 percent of the total student enrollment in public elementary and secondary schools, they make up 38 percent of the enrollment for EMR programs. The study suggests that racially and culturally fair assessment tools (as defined by Mercer) as well as a variety of formal and informal indicators of social, emotional and intellectual development are necessary in the evaluation of students. (JCD)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Some tables may be marginally legible due to reproduction quality of original document.