ERIC Number: ED210114
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Infant Mortality and the Health of Societies. Worldwatch Paper 47.
Demographic data are used in this report to present information about infant mortality in more- and less-developed countries. One chapter is devoted to rising infant mortality rates in developed countries, which defy the typical post-World War II pattern. Severe economic conditions are linked to this increase. Direct causes of infant deaths are identified as birth defects, malnutrition, and disease. Infectious and parasitic diseases cause deaths frequently preventable by vaccination or proper sanitation. Not considered an outright killer of infants, malnutrition is seen as an accessory to the crime. Indirect causes of infant mortality are traced to social and physical environments. Poor medical care, ignorance, and low income are three factors in infant mortality that are aspects of the social environment; poor sanitation and polluted water are the major factors included in the physical environment. The total number of children a woman has borne, although not clearly linked to infant mortality, is also considered important. A three-stage endeavor to reduce infant mortality is discussed in terms of quality of life, medical interventions, and care of sick infants. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Birth Rate, Comparative Analysis, Death, Demography, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Diseases, Environmental Influences, Incidence, Infant Mortality, Nutrition, Prevention, Risk, Social Influences
Worldwatch Institute, 1776 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20036 ($2.00; 2-10 copies, $1.50 each; discounts available on quantity orders).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: United Nations Fund for Population Activities, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Worldwatch Inst., Washington, DC.