ERIC Number: ED210064
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr-6
Reference Count: 0
Student Retention and Attrition in the Community College: A Review and Research Design.
Walleri, R. Dan
This five-part report provides background for a research design for the study of student attrition and retention in the community college. After Part I introduces the larger study of high risk students for which this paper was prepared, Part II defines the concepts of retention and attrition with respect to the attainment of student objectives rather than to graduation rates. Part III assesses the magnitude of the problem of student attrition in the community college as opposed to the four-year college. This section points out that some forms of attrition may be congruent with student objectives, examines attrition statistics for a typical community college, and cites findings from a statewide study of attrition in California. Part IV reviews the literature on attrition/retention in terms of: (1) student characteristics (e.g., background traits and motivational, financial, and employment patterns); (2) institutional characteristics (e.g., college image and availability of student services); (3) student-college interaction effects (i.e., the "fit" between college and student); and (4) societal factors (e.g., military draft and economic conditions). The applicability of each of these areas to the community college is assessed, revealing that some factors are more significant for four-year colleges. Part V recommends a research design for attrition/retention studies which uses the attainment of student objectives as the measure of success. An extensive bibliography is appended. (KL)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Oregon Community Coll. Deans of Students Consortium.; Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem. Student Services Section.
Authoring Institution: Mount Hood Community Coll., Gresham, OR.