ERIC Number: ED209926
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Avoidance Ruled Out by Similarity.
Avoidance as a strategy for error-free production in a second language is shown to be unavailable to the student when the second language is linguistically similar to the native language. In avoidance, the student "steers around" those aspects of the grammar of the target language with which he/she is unfamiliar. By restricting linguistic production to those aspects of the language over which he/she has mastery, the student attempts to avoid all errors. However, in attempting to communicate an idea in a second language similar to his/her native language, the student will be forced to rely on that similarity in choosing a mode of expression within his/her grasp; the possibility that the successful execution of that mode will differ in the target language from the native language entails risk for the student, who is likely to make a phonological, morphological, or syntactic error. Moreover, the similarity between the two languages provides, through conceptual proximity, alternative pathways to error-free production. The coexistence of hazardous (learning-inhibiting) and secure (learning-enhancing) spheres in the grammar of the second language indicates directions for learning strategy and teaching methods. The latter will involve a certain amount of drill and multisensory reinforcement. (JB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Central States Conference on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (Omaha, NE, April 9-11, 1981). Faint print.