ERIC Number: ED209919
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Information Structures and Pedagogic Applications.
The underlying structure of meaning in a text is to a certain extent belied by the surface structure, or sequential organization, of the text. The underlying information structures (IS) organize information according to cognitive and cultural factors. It may be demonstrated that just three major IS with various subvarieties can describe any text: (1) "processes" represent events, (2) "constitutives" represent states, and (3) "comparatives" represent a second level as they must involve two other IS that are being compared. The major IS may be graphically diagrammed. A preferred pattern of exposition of information varies according to factors that are either stylistic or linguistic. A well-written text contains "markings" which reveal the information structure and make comprehension possible no matter how much information is being presented. Paragraph analysis based on the IS concept is useful in ascertaining readability of texts for use in, for instance, the second language classroom. IS offer the added advantage of permitting objective evaluation of writing. (JB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the British Association for Applied Linguistics (Sussex, England, September 18-20, 1981). Faint type.