ERIC Number: ED209907
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Locus of Control: Review and Implications for Instruction of the Hearing-Impaired.
Dowaliby, Fred J.; Pagano, Jo Anne
The authors review research on locus of control (LOC), particularly as it pertains to the instruction of hearing impaired students. According to social learning theory, the LOC construct is explained to theorize that two distinctly different types of persons may be identified--"internals" who assume responsibility for their activities and "externals" who are likely to ascribe the consequences of their behavior to forces outside their influence. Studies addressing specific research questions are organized under seven categories--dimensionality, correlates, instruction, deafness, disabilities, changeability, and ammendments and contributions of attribution theory. Among the findings noted are the following: when we account for situational and affective features contributing to a person's LOC, a pipolar, unidimensional construct with "internality" and "externality" comprising the extremes emerges; hearing impaired learners are relatively external in their LOC orientation as compared with hearing counterparts; specific experiences of short duration can produce predictable shifts in control orientation in either direction along the LOC continuum; and externality is related to poorer achievement and less effective study habits and attitudes. Appended is a paper by J. Porter titled "The Foundation Series--An Internal Review of the Dowaliby and Pegano Paper." (SB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Technical Inst. for the Deaf, Rochester, NY.
Note: For related documents, see EC 140 611-630.