ERIC Number: ED209903
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Relations between Word Meanings and Identification of Words in Spoken Sentences by Hearing-Impaired Children.
Two experiments involving 44 normal hearing and 26 hearing impaired children (7 to 12 years old) investigated children's use of sentence context to identify words in sentences that are not clearly intelligible. In Experiment 1, Ss read incomplete sentences and chose which of two word pictures best completed the sentence. From these responses, 12 sentences were identified (eight sentences in which rhyming test words were predictable from the context and four in which one word from the test word pair was not predictable). In Experiment 2, twenty-one of the same hearing impaired children, who met strict speech discrimination training criteria, heard variations of the 12 sentences over headsets in which the relationship between a context word and one of a rhyming test word pair was either reasonable, unreasonable, or neutral. After each sentence, the child decided whether he had heard the test word or its alternative which differed in either the initial or final consonant. Significantly more correct identifications were made on the reasonable and neutral sentences than on the unresonable ones. Average means were 81% on the reasonable sentence, 64% on the neutral ones, and 34% on the unreasonable ones. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Technical Inst. for the Deaf, Rochester, NY.
Note: For related documents, see EC 140 611-630.