ERIC Number: ED209763
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
School Administrators Can Make a Difference.
Geske, Terry G.
Executive Review, v1 n4 Jan 1981
To help administrators improve school efficiency in a time of financial constraints, this document reviews research on school productivity, points out possible improvements suggested by the research, and discusses several problems in measuring school costs and effectiveness. The author first explains the analytical concepts of school productivity, input-output analysis, and productivity functions. His review of school productivity research, covering studies of teacher, school, and program effectiveness, notes a number of variables that influence productivity, including teacher experience and verbal ability, teacher-student interaction, use of computers or other advanced technology, school climate, class size, and socioeconomic factors. Administrators wishing to apply the research findings to their schools, says the author, should also be aware of the opportunity costs--the alternatives lost--when a particular method or reform is adopted. The document also explains how difficulties in choosing among multiple educational goals and in selecting appropriate test instruments can create problems in measuring educational output. The author concludes that administrators can make a difference, however, by finding ways to make schools more productive and effective. (RW)
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Cost Effectiveness, Elementary Secondary Education, Input Output Analysis, Institutional Characteristics, Measurement Techniques, Organizational Effectiveness, Predictor Variables, Productivity, Teacher Characteristics, Teacher Effectiveness
Institute for School Executives, University of Iowa, 210 Lindquist Center, Iowa City, IA 52242 ($1.00).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Iowa Univ., Iowa City. Inst. for School Executives.