ERIC Number: ED209720
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Case Studies of Delivery and Cost of Bilingual Education.
Carpenter-Huffman, Polly; Samulon, Marta
To gather empirically based data to assist in the formulation of federal rules for the nation's bilingual education programs, the authors studied six school districts in the western United States. All the participating school districts had well-established bilingual programs. Data were collected through structured interviews with superintendents, bilingual program directors, budget directors, school principals, teachers in both bilingual and monolingual English programs, and instructional aides. Three major questions were addressed in the study: How does provision of bilingual education vary among school districts? Why do these variations arise? How do these variations affect cost? The study revealed wide variation in the timing and emphasis placed on the content of bilingual education, in the delivery mode used, and in the availability of qualified teachers. Concentrating on analysis of the added cost for instructional personnel in bilingual programs, the authors found that the programs add between $100 and $500 to the per-pupil cost of instruction. The total added cost of these programs ranges from $200 to $700 per pupil. The study presents a new method of computing added costs derived from economic principles. (WD)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Delivery Systems, Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education, Instructional Student Costs, Parent Participation, Program Costs, Teacher Characteristics
The Rand Corporation, 1700 Main, Santa Monica, CA 90406 ($7.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.