ERIC Number: ED209639
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Reading and Study Behavior: A Review of the Behavioral Literature with Conclusions and Implications for Developmental Educators.
Schmelzer, Ronald V.; Brozo, William G.
To ascertain the relevancy of behavioral psychology to those who are engaged in developmental work with college and adult students, this paper reviews articles found in several journals concerned with that discipline. The articles reviewed were chosen as representative of those pertaining to achieving academic success and are organized into five major categories: contingency management, including contracting; reading; academic performance; treatment of anxiety, including desensitization; and the use of behavioral procedures to predict success. Based on the literature review, the paper presents six conclusions: (1) learning is a contingent activity; (2) almost anyone can learn if the task is broken down into small enough steps; (3) anxiety can be a debilitating state for an individual; (4) the control of the environment in the form of contingency management, particularly contracting, can be used to help an individual accomplish his or her learning goals; (5) genuine concern for the individual is necessary if treatment is to be successful; and (6) investigations into the improvement of various forms of learning should be limited, for the moment, to results rather than processes. (FL)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A