ERIC Number: ED209625
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Sex Differences in Occupational Values: Implications for Reducing Sex Bias.
Tittle, Carol Kehr
Research on career development has shown sex differences in patterns of occupational choices and labor force participation. Test takers of career interest inventories and occupational tests may perceive adult roles differently if they are male or female; thus, these perceptions are critical to any attempt to reduce sex bias in testing. High school students (N=600) rated the importance of several values on their choice of an occupation, the decision to marry, and the decision to become a parent. Both males and females agreed on the importance of high income, job security and leisure opportunities as components of an ideal job. For females, the addition of a prestige value suggested a belief in the prestige of working. For males, prestige was related to leadership and working in a field of interest. Results showed that high school students perceived the adult world differently. Career choices by women tended to be limited by past experience or expectation; career choices made by men did not consider values related to other adult roles in marriage and parenthood. The findings suggest that these differences may affect the construct validity of tests and therefore should be taken into consideration by counselors. (JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (89th, Los Angeles, CA, August 24-26, 1981).