ERIC Number: ED209595
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Relationships Among Cognitive and Emotional Empathy Constructs.
Barron, William L.; And Others
Although predictive accuracy (cognitive empathy) and emotional empathy may be aspects of the same general ability, few empirical studies have examined the relationships between these dimensions. The relationship between cognitive empathy and emotional empathy was investigated by correlating the Mehrabian and Epstein Emotional Empathy Scale and its subscales with Cronbach's delineation of global predictive accuracy and its subcomponents. A modestly sized relationship was hypothesized, i.e., that persons with strong emotional empathy would also be more accurate in their perceptions of others. An analysis of the data collected from 372 undergraduates indicated no relationship between any of the Cronbach components of predictive accuracy and any of the subscales representing emotional empathy. However, the two types of empathy had distinctive patterns of correlations with locus of control. Persons who scored high on emotional empathy tended to have an external locus of control, whereas persons who scored high on predictive accuracy tended to have an internal locus of control. Gender differences occurred only among the emotional empathy scales, with women scoring higher than men. The results suggest that, contrary to prediction, the ability to judge accurately the attributes of others does not co-exist with the tendency to respond emotionally to the feelings of others. (Author/KMF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (89th, Los Angeles, CA, August 24-26, 1981).