ERIC Number: ED209592
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-May
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Brief Training on Sex-Related Differences in Spatial Visualization.
Stericker, Anne; LeVesconte, Shirley
Researchers disagree not only about the existence or magnitude of sex-related differences in spatial perception, but also about the determinants of such differences. Training in three distinct spatial tasks was provided in an attempt to destablize individual and sex-related differences, while exploring the relative contributions of biological and environmental factors to visual-spatial skill. Undergraduates (N=83) participated in 6 weekly one-hour sessions. Subjects completed four spatial pretests and then were matched on scores and randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. After the experimental group completed three sessions of visual-spatial training in three of the four pretests, all subjects took posttests. Results showed no effects for sex on any of the four posttests, suggesting that males and females benefitted equally and significantly from the training. A comparison of female experimental subjects and male control subjects indicated that training closed the spatial experience gap between the sexes on all tests. Results show that male and female adults may be trained in visual-spatial skills, and that the effects of the training are generalizable beyond the immediate training situation. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (53rd, Detroit, MI, April 30-May 2, 1981).