ERIC Number: ED209472
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
Comparative Patterns in Rural and Urban Adult Education Programs: Participation, Focus, and Barriers.
McCannon, Roger S.
A study was conducted to compare adult learning experiences within formal educational programs in rural areas with those in urban areas, predominantly at the postsecondary level. It focused on the phenomenon of adult learning in rural settings by analyzing participation rates, needs assessment data, interest inventories, program evaluations, and research studies of postsecondary continuing education programs. Information reported in the literature of adult education was compared and contrasted with findings of studies conducted in a nine-county rural area of West Central Minnesota. Findings indicated that there is no consensus that adult learning occurs in formal settings at the same frequency in rural and urban areas. Participation in both settings was most heavily concentrated in age categories below age 55. In urban areas the focus of adult learners was on formal credit; in rural areas adults focused on noncredit activities. Motivation for adults in urban areas was education for vocational advancement; adults in rural areas were motivated by personal development and self-improvement. Barriers to education existed more often for rural adults. The most serious were distance (access), lack of adequate finances, and lack of adequate advising and counseling. (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the National Adult Education Conference (Anaheim, CA, October 29, 1981).