ERIC Number: ED209346
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: N/A
State Assessment: A Beginning Toward School Improvement.
Donovan, David L.
The educational assessment of basic skills in Michigan has grown from a needed source of information on achievement to an integral part of statewide efforts to improve school achievement. The educational assessment program first provided information to address two important educational questions: "What is the level of basic skills achievement in Michigan?" and "Which children, schools and school districts are successful and which are in need of assistance?" A third question, "What makes some schools more successful than others?" was then raised. This more complex question goes far beyond assessment practices and has served as the basis for extensive studies and reviews of the literature. A synthesis of the findings resulted in the identification of eight principles, or "Variables that Make a Difference." The "alterable variables" school staff may employ at the school level to improve instruction and achievement, are identified as: time on instruction, parental involvement, role of the principal, teacher expectations, classroom structure, pupil reinforcement, tutoring and classroom recitation. (Author)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Dept. of Education, Lansing.