ERIC Number: ED209329
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: N/A
Group Comparisons for Basic Skills Measures.
Breland, Hunter M.; Griswold, Philip A.
Correlation, regression, and score interval analyses were conducted for academic tests including the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), Test of Standard Written English (TSWE), and four subtests of the English Placement Test (EPT) for six different groups. The groups were men, women, Asians, blacks, Hispanics, and whites. The use of grade point average or individual course grades was avoided because these are subjective, often biased, measures. The EPT-Essay score based on a forty-five minute writing sample was considered a good standard for comparing other basic skills measures available. The measures were evaluated as predictors of essay writing and overall performance. The correlational comparisons showed few differences across groups, except that correlations tended to be lower for the white sample because of variance restrictions. The regression comparisons agreed with previous studies showing blacks and Hispanics to be generally overpredicted. False negatives, those people who score low on a predictor but who excel on a criterion, occurred least in the black and Hispanic groups. (Author/DWH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.; College Entrance Examination Board, New York, NY.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: SAT (College Admission Test); Test of Standard Written English