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ERIC Number: ED209035
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Oct-19
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Heritage Consistency as a Consideration in Counseling Native Americans.
Zitzow, Darryl; Estes, George
Although current efforts in counseling Native Americans appear to either overgeneralize issues or lack universality in cross-tribal application, one viable counseling approach is the continuum concept of heritage consistency, which assesses the extent to which an individual's predominant lifestyle and behavior reflect major elements of his/her historical tribal culture. A Native American's position on the continuum, determined according to individual knowledge and customs, appears to impact self concept, acculturation, internal conflict, identity, and willingness to seek professional counseling. Heritage consistency must not be used as just another means of categorization, but as a structure in achieving individual awareness and identity. The degree of heritage consistency can suggest related counseling and/or social concerns such as: difficulties in English language expression; lack of basic learning, decision-making, budgeting, and/or assertiveness skills; and unfamiliarity with dominant culture expectations. The degree of heritage inconsistency can suggest: denial of being Native American; lack of pride, identity, and/or a belief system due to lack of heritage culture experience; and pressure to adopt heritage consistent or non-Native American values. Major counseling issues for Native Americans in general include alcoholism; cultural discrimination; alienation; fear of failure, success, or ridicule; and distrust toward non-Native American helping professionals. (NEC)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A