ERIC Number: ED208825
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Jun
Reference Count: 0
A Portrait of Librarianship in Developing Societies. Occasional Paper Number 148.
Briquet de Lemos, Antonio A.
A Brazilian librarian with international experience reviews a cross-section of the literature on libraries and librarianship in developing countries as reported by observers from developed countries, deploring tendencies to make comparisons which imply value judgements, use models which reflect the experience of industrialized societies, display cultural biases, and extrapolate limited personal experience in one country or a limited area to the whole Third World. Varying factors discussed include definitions of developing and underdevelopment used to identify "developing countries," theories put forward to explain the causes of underdevelopment, and nonrecognition of cultural heritages not based on literacy. Unvarying variables examined via the literature are book publishing and reading, the educational system and the use of books, nonselection and quasi-acquisition of materials, cataloging and classification problems, books for use versus books for posterity, library cooperation, and the outlook for the development of public libraries. It is concluded that the final responsibility for coming to terms with user's needs withing the limitations, constraints, and potentialities of their respective societies rests on librarians from the developing world. (RAA)
Descriptors: Cataloging, Cultural Influences, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Higher Education, Libraries, Library Acquisition, Library Material Selection, Library Science, Public Libraries, Publishing Industry, Socioeconomic Influences
Publications Office, Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Illinois, 249 Armory Bldg., 505 E. Armory Street, Champaign, IL 61820 ($3.00).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Champaign. Graduate School of Library Science.