ERIC Number: ED208741
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: N/A
University Student Knowledge of the Effects of Alcohol.
Minatoya, Lydia Y.; And Others
In a study of alcohol knowledge among college students, 180 students completed a 24-item questionnaire. Fifty-four percent of the respondents were male and 46 percent were female; 56 percent were freshmen or sophomores, 44 percent were juniors or seniors; 51 percent were commuters and 49 percent lived on campus. Seventy-one percent of the respondents considered themselves to be informed as to the effects of alcohol on their bodies and behaviors, 13 percent felt they did not, and 16 percent were uncertain. A majority of students accurately responded to 9 of the 20 items dealing with alcohol knowledge; most of those questions dealt with popular myths or "folklore" about alcohol use. Students appeared to be less informed about items that required more specific knowledge. Although 71 percent of the respondents considered themselves to be informed, there were only four items on which more than 66 percent of the students replied with accuracy. Chi square analysis indicated that relationships existed between the sex of the respondents and the responses to five of the items. These items included among others: (1) taking a cold shower can help sober you up; (2) the alcohol content of one 12-ounce beer equals 1 1/2 ounces of hard liquor; (3) the proof of liquor is twice the percentage of alcohol content. The consistent pattern found in these items was that women were more likely to respond that they did not know, but men more often gave definitive true/false responses that were sometimes accurate and sometimes not. (Author/LB)
Descriptors: Alcoholic Beverages, Alcoholism, College Students, Comparative Analysis, Drinking, Higher Education, Knowledge Level, School Surveys, Sex Differences, Student Attitudes
University of Maryland, Office of Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs, Counseling Center, College Park, MD 20742 ($1.50).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Maryland Univ., College Park. Health Center.
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Counseling Center.