ERIC Number: ED208737
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: N/A
A Comparison of White Male and Female Students' Racial Attitudes.
Johnson, Deborah H.; Sedlacek, William E.
Two hundred sixty-six white freshmen (128 males, 138 females) were administered the Situational Attitude Scale (SAS) to assess their attitudes toward blacks in a number of personal and social situations. Results of two-way analyses of variance indicated that significant differences occurred by sex and form of the SAS. Differences between the two forms, one that depicted blacks, and the other, which did not mention race, were taken as evidence for a differential reaction to blacks. Regardless of form, women reacted more negatively than men to situations regarding rape, a magazine salesman, and men loitering on a corner; men felt more negative about new neighbors, a friend's engagement, and a new member of a social group. On form, regardless of sex, whites reacted most negatively to blacks as new neighbors, and a friend being engaged to a black. Whites tended to react positively to blacks in service roles (selling magazines, policeman). The interaction of sex and form was not significant. These results, along with previous samples of freshmen, suggest that whites have had and continue to hold basically negative attitudes toward blacks, and the pattern of those negative attitudes has remained the same for a decade. (Author/LB)
Descriptors: Attitude Measures, Blacks, College Freshmen, Females, Higher Education, Institutional Research, Males, Racial Attitudes, School Surveys, Sex Differences, Student Attitudes, Whites
University of Maryland, Office of Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs, Counseling Center, College Park, MD 20742 ($1.50).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Counseling Center.