ERIC Number: ED208734
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: N/A
Racial Attitudes of White University Freshmen by Sex.
Rodgers, R. Scott; Sedlacek, William E.
At the University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), 352 white freshmen completed the Situational Attitude Scale (SAS) in a study of racial attitudes. The SAS (1972) was developed to minimize the degree of subject withdrawal from the measurement of racial attitudes and to eliminate the "social set" problem that keeps subjects' real feelings hidden. The results showed generally negative attitudes about blacks, particularly in situations of black neighbors or a friend becoming engaged to a black. Women were found to be more positive towards blacks than men in situations allowing more social distance, but tended to be more negative than men in situations requiring intimate black-white contact. This same pattern of results has existed at UMCP since the late 1960s despite many changes in the social context of the campus and society, including increased racial diversity on campus. The findings indicate that whites do possess negative/racist attitudes towards blacks in a variety of situations; that the situational context does make a difference in determining attitudes; that white females do have different racial attitudes than do white males; that these differences appear to fall along a physical distance/safe-unsafe continuum. It is concluded that workshops and classes designed to eliminate racism should be funded and endorsed by all levels of administration and faculty. (Author/LB)
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Blacks, College Environment, College Freshmen, Comparative Analysis, Females, Higher Education, Institutional Research, Males, Racial Attitudes, Racial Discrimination, Sex Differences, Social Environment, State Universities, Student Attitudes, Whites
University of Maryland, Office of Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs, Counseling Center, College Park, MD 20742 ($1.50).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Counseling Center.