ERIC Number: ED208733
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: N/A
Attitudes of Whites Toward Blacks: A Revision of the Situational Attitude Scale (SAS).
Minatoya, Lydia Y.; Sedlacek, William E.
A revised form of the Situational Attitude Scale (SAS), the SAS A-14 and SAS B-14, was used to measure the attitudes of 259 incoming white freshmen at the University of Maryland, College Park. The results indicated that the revised form elicited responses that paralleled those reported for the standard SAS. Principal components factor analyses, using squared multiple correlations as commonality estimates, were conducted on the combined A and B forms. The factor configurations suggested that students responded to the items in each situation as a unit. The first 10 factors extracted appeared to represent each of the 10 situations. (The situations include: new family in your apartment complex, personnel office announces promotion preferences, children bused to school, union adds new apprentices, best friend engaged, stopped by policeman, neighbor joins swimming pool association, medical school admission slots, neighborhood changes, and financial aid office reserves jobs.) White students tended to react with more negative feelings when situations involved proximity, interaction, or competition with blacks than when race was not specified. All 10 items referring to a situation involving preference in promotions received a more negative response when preference was given to black employees than when the employees' races were unspecified. As in previous SAS administrations, the situation that portrayed an engagement of a best friend (white with black) also elicited highly significant differences by form. Instructions and situations from the revised SAS (SAS-14) are appended. (Author/LB)
Descriptors: Attitude Measures, Blacks, College Freshmen, Higher Education, Institutional Research, Racial Attitudes, Racial Discrimination, State Universities, Student Attitudes, Whites
University of Maryland, Office of Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs, Counseling Center, College Park, MD 20742 ($1.50).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Counseling Center.