ERIC Number: ED208511
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: N/A
The Domain of Cognition: An Alternative to Bloom's Cognitive Domain within the Framework of an Information Processing Model.
Stahl, Robert J.; Murphy, Gary T.
Weaknesses in the structure, levels, and sequence of Bloom's taxonomy of cognitive domains emphasize the need for both a new model of how individual learners process information and a new taxonomy of the different levels of memory, thinking, and learning. Both the model and the taxonomy should be consistent with current research findings. The Stahl Perceptual Information Processing and Operations Model (SPINPrOM) details a 21-component process explaining how individuals think and learn. The SPINPrOM process begins with environmental information and moves through stages that include perceptual register, transient storage, an "executor" to assign meaning and choose responses, working memory, long-term memory, utilization of retrieved information, and feedback. SPINPrOM is related to the proposed Domain of Cognition taxonomy, which identifies eight levels of cognitive behaviors involved in thinking and learning. The eight levels comprise preparation and observation, reception, transformation and information acquisition, retention, "transfersion" (applying old information to new situations), incorporation, organization, and generation. Ten principles useful for teachers can be derived from the new model and taxonomy, involving learning times, similarities between cognitive and affective information, and learners' use of rules or guidelines when thinking. (Author/RW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A