ERIC Number: ED208452
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: N/A
School-Based Management. School Management Digest, Series 1, No. 23.
Many educators advocate school-based management, a method of decentralization wherein the school, instead of the district office, becomes the primary unit of educational decision-making. This shift is part of American education's long-term oscillation between administrative centralization and decentralization. Centralization, say its critics, has led to rigid, hierarchical structures and a lack of creativity, while decentralization offers greater diversity and flexibility in meeting student needs and gives parents and the community more say in their schools. Examples of school-based management are described in Florida and California and in the school districts of Lansing (Michigan), Edmonton (Alberta), Cherry Creek (Colorado), Louisville (Kentucky), Eugene (Oregon), Salt Lake City (Utah), and New York City. Under school-based management, school boards still set goals and policies and make final decisions, but central offices become facilitators, supporting and evaluating the schools, while principals gain greater authority and assume actual school leadership. Under school-based management the decisions schools control include curriculum matters, personnel selection, and budgeting (within a lump-sum allocation from the district office). School-based management also entails increased staffing and community involvement in decision-making through faculty committees and school advisory councils. (RW)
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Board of Education Role, Case Studies, Centralization, Community Involvement, Decentralization, Decision Making, Elementary Secondary Education, Governance, Institutional Autonomy, Participative Decision Making, Principals, School Organization
Foundation for Educational Administration, 1757 Old Bayshore Highway, Burlingame, CA 94010 ($4.75).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Foundation for Educational Administration, Burlingame, CA.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.