ERIC Number: ED208286
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Parental Absence on Sex Role Development and Scholastic Achievement.
Black, Kathryn; And Others
Previous research has indicated that father absence detrimentally affects children's cognitive functioning. Demographic data and Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) scores were gathered from 55 females and 45 females from divorced families where the mother received custody, 19 females and 21 males with a deceased father, and a group of matched control subjects from intact families who were similar in age, sex and academic major to the divorce and death groups. No significant differences were found in any aspect of SAT performance. To examine the effects of parental absence on the sex role development of children, 27 males and 49 females of divorced parents with maternal custody and 23 females and 10 males who experienced paternal death were matched on sex and age with subjects from intact families. All subjects completed the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) and a demographic questionnaire. Although the BSRI masculinity score averaged about two points higher for both sexes in the parent-absent groups, no differences were statistically significant. Although trends were identified, further analysis revealed no significant differences between groups in the number of subjects in each classification. The findings tend to support a cognitive developmental perspective and suggest a need for continuing research on the effects of parental absence on sex role development and intellectual functioning. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Women in Psychology (8th, Boston, MA, March 5-8, 1981).