ERIC Number: ED208057
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug-24
Reducing Sex Bias in Ability Tests.
Herman, David O.
Three aspects of sex bias in ability tests are discussed. The first two areas of concern are the surface qualities of test items (surface, in the sense that these qualities may be seen by inspection and do not require empirical data), and the equating of male and female score distributions through item analysis and item selection techniques. The greater part of this paper focuses on any sex differences in test scores that remain after a test's content has been set, and how these differences may be handled to reduce or eliminate sex bias at the point when test interpretation leads to actions and plans for the future. The surface qualities of items include any aspect of their wording or their illustrations that suggest sexual inequality. "Sexist" language and art work, either within single items or summed across an entire test, are relatively easy to detect and eliminate through careful editing. (Author/GK)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (Los Angeles, CA, August, 1981).