ERIC Number: ED207827
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: N/A
Problem Solving with Calculators in Elementary School Mathematics: Report to the Protestant School Board of Greater Montreal.
McNicol, Shirley; LeMaistre, Cathrine
This pilot study was designed with four general objectives: (1) improving problem-solving strategies through the use of calculators; (2) determining the most effective timing for introducing calculators; (3) enhancing student interest in mathematics as a result of using calculators; and (4) identifying possibilities for further investigation. The main question was "Which of the basic skills in problem solving in elementary school mathematics can be developed through the use of the calculator?" Seven basic skills needed in problem solving were identified. The subjects were in grade three and grade five in each of two schools. One school became the experimental (calculator) group, and the other served as a control. Both schools followed the same mathematics curriculum guidelines and used the same text series. Results of the study indicate support for the use of calculators in developing certain basic skills in problem solving, with indications that further investigations are needed. Among the appendices are copies of the pretest, attitude scales, and a posttest used with both grade levels; teacher memos; suggested guidelines; record sheet forms; and selected samples of student-created problems. (MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Protestant School Board of Greater Montreal (Ontario).
Authoring Institution: McGill Univ., Montreal (Quebec). Faculty of Education.