ERIC Number: ED207735
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
The Education of Nonmetro Hispanics. Rural Development Research Report Number 31.
Fratoe, Frank A.
By 1979, nonmetro Hispanics trailed Whites and metro Hispanics in rates of high school graduation, college completion, and functional literacy; their relative position for these worsened during the seventies, despite absolute gains. While nonmetro Hispanic school enrollments for ages 3-15 compared favorably with other groups in 1978, 36% of nonmetro Hispanic 16-24 year-olds were school dropouts, more than twice as many as nonmetro Whites. In 1977, 15% of Hispanic farmworkers 25 and older had more than an elementary education, compared with 74% of White farmworkers; income for nonmetro Hispanic men averaged $3,000 less than for nonmetro White men; the corresponding deficit for women was $1,245. In 1976, of five Southwestern states where most nonmetro Hispanics live, only California had more than 50% of limited- and non-English speaking students enrolled in special language programs. In 1979, relatively few nonmetro Hispanic men (5.2%) and women (3.8%) had graduated from 4-year colleges; fewer nonmetro Hispanic males (19.4%) and females (40.4%, many of whom held clerical positions) held white-collar jobs than nonmetro White males (33.1%) and females (54.9%); unemployment rates for nonmetro Hispanics approached 10%. Heavy migration of Hispanics with little schooling from cities to nonmetro areas during 1975-1979 may partially account for differences in educational attainment of metro/nonmetro residents. (Author/MH)
Descriptors: Anglo Americans, Census Figures, Dropouts, Education Work Relationship, Educational Attainment, Educational Status Comparison, Elementary Secondary Education, Employment Patterns, Enrollment, Functional Literacy, Higher Education, Hispanic Americans, Low Income, Migrants, Non English Speaking, Outcomes of Education, Rural Population, Sex Differences, Socioeconomic Status, Spanish Speaking, Teacher Education, Unemployment, Urban to Rural Migration
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC. Economic Development Div.